Students must identify academic supervisors (faculty members from the Graduate Program in Mechanical Engineering) when they enroll in the program. All students are required to plan and conduct their course- and research-related activities under the direct guidance of their supervisors. Candidates for the PhD degree must fulfill the following requirements:

1. Program Length

For PhD students, the expected degree completion time is 12 terms (four years) on a full-time enrolment basis. For those PhD students who complete degree requirements earlier than 12 terms, they must register and pay fees for a minimum of the equivalent of nine (9) terms of full-time study. All requirements for a PhD degree must be fulfilled within 18 terms (6 years) of registration as a full time or part-time PhD student, in accordance with Faculty of Graduate Studies’ registration policies, including the requirement of continuous registration.

PhD students are required to conduct research independently through defining, planning and solving of scientific problems to lead and advance knowledge in their field of specialization. Research outcomes should lead to creativity and competence at an international level and have the significance and standard level that can be disseminated in the form of scientific publications. The PhD student’s research progress is examined annually by meeting with their supervisory committee. Students are required to submit a progress report which documents courses taken, teaching assistant duties, knowledge dissemination through publications and presentations, and supervisor’s direct feedback on the student’s overall performance. If the annual performance of the student in research is deemed unsatisfactory by the supervisory committee, they may be asked to withdraw from the program immediately, even after successful completion of the PhD comprehensive examination. If recommended to continue, students are obliged to conduct and conclude their research and to submit a written dissertation to their supervisory committee at the end of their degree period. The dissertation must clearly demonstrate the candidate’s ability to conduct independent research and creative activities, resulting in contributions to the body of knowledge in the area of investigation. The research undertaken and the dissertation must be defended by the student in an oral examination session. The examination committee members are selected and the defence session is conducted based on regulations set by the Faculty of Graduate Studies.

2. Courses

Students are required to complete their coursework requirements according to the table below and in consultation with their supervisor(s) and the graduate program director.

Required Course TypeNumber of Half Credit Courses (PhD)Number of Half Credit Courses (Direct PhD)
Core3 (with at least 1 from Mechanical Engineering fundamental courses) 5 (with at least 2 from Mechanical Engineering fundamental courses)
Complementary* or Reading or Outside Mechanical Engineeringonly 1 out of 3 core courses may be from this grouponly 1 out of 5 core courses may be from this group
Other MandatoryENG 6000 0.0: Engineering Ethics in term 1.

MECH 6000 0.0: Graduate Seminar** every year.

MECH 9001 0.0: MSc Thesis every year.

ENG 6000 0.0: Engineering Ethics in term 1.

MECH 6000 0.0: Graduate Seminar** every year.

MECH 9001 0.0: MSc Thesis every year.

* See the Complementary Education and Training section below.
** Applies to full-time students only.

3. Comprehensive Examination and Research Proposal

Within the first 12 to 18 months of starting the graduate program, each PhD student must pass the PhD comprehensive examination. Direct entry PhD students must complete their comprehensive examination within 24 to 30 months of beginning the program. Students who are unable to meet the academic and research requirements for the PhD degree may have the option to be transferred to the MASc degree with appropriate course credits,
as recommended by a committee comprised of the chair of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, the Graduate Program Director, and the Associate Dean Research & Graduate Studies, Lassonde School of Engineering or their representative.

The purpose of this comprehensive examination is two-fold: to assess the student’s fundamental knowledge in mechanical engineering and of the subject matter relevant to the dissertation; and to assess the student’s ability to conduct independent research of highest quality. The student must prepare a short report outlining their research work conducted, proposed research plan and timeline for completion of their degree requirements. The student must present this report in front of the doctoral comprehensive examination committee. This is an open presentation, typically 15-20 minutes, followed by a question and answer period from the audience attending the presentation part of the examination. The presentation is followed by a closed-door oral examination by the examination committee members. Typically, the first round of questions assesses the student’s fundamental knowledge in the discipline. The second and subsequent round of questions assesses the student’s understanding of the research topic.

4. Dissertation Course and Supervisory Committee

PhD students commence their research activities upon registration in the program and plan them in consultation with their supervisor at the start of their studies. They must register for the non-credit Mechanical Engineering 9002 0.0: PhD Dissertation course. A supervisory committee, recommended by the Graduate Program Director and approved by the Dean, Faculty of Graduate Studies, must be formed no later than the end of the fourth term of study.
This committee consists of the student’s supervisor and at least two other faculty members from the Faculty of Graduate Studies at York University, one of whom must be from the Graduate Program in Mechanical Engineering.


Students who are admitted directly into the Ph.D. program in Mechanical Engineering after completion of their undergraduate degree must successfully complete a minimum of 6 courses. Four (4) of those courses must be from the core Mechanical Engineering graduate program course offerings, one can be a directed study course or a course from outside the Graduate Program in Mechanical Engineering (from other graduate programs in Lassonde School of Engineering, outside the Lassonde School of Engineering at York University). One course must be one of the compulsory complementary education and training courses, typically to be taken after completion of the first year of the program. In addition to the six credited courses, each registered graduate student must complete two non-credit courses, Engineering 6000 0.0: Engineering Ethics and Mechanical Engineering 6000 0.0: Graduate Seminar Series. All students are required to register annually in the Graduate Seminar Series course throughout their full-time registration in the program.


The Graduate Program in Mechanical Engineering uniquely engages graduate students in important complementary education and training in areas such as teaching/mentoring, engineering pedagogy, technology transfer, entrepreneurship and commercialization, legal aspects and governance, communications, as well as ethical, societal and safety obligations. This engagement is enabled by a complementary studies coursework requirement, as well as an atmosphere that encourages students’ outreach and extracurricular activities. Complementary education and training results in the diversification of knowledge and experience beyond the immediate research field as well as the acquisition of qualities and transferable skills required for employment and professional development.